Busy few weeks

These last few weeks have all been a bit of a rush.

First thing I did was to get myself a job in 6 days from application to accepting, not only does this help fund things, but is a traditional job for a struggling artist, a barista.

This is a good job in that it leaves my mind free to worry about my art rather than the job, but it is physically demanding in a way I have forgotten. So I am often too tired to work on anything though this is improving as my level of physical fitness improves.

Also my story with The Bowes Museum continues. I was upset that due to taking on the new job I wouldn’t have the time to continue with my voluntary work there. Then about two weeks ago I saw an invitation for applicants to work with Bowes and the University of Leeds for a doctoral research project.

Therefore these last two weeks have been spent working away at the document required to apply for the position and I’m now in the stages of polishing it up and getting ready to send it in. This process was made the more difficult to my continuously questioning my ability or right to be doing this.

I have also decided to add a gallery of all my images to this blog, but still not sure in which format to do this in, so you may see changes every now and then to the way I present the gallery, but I want to get all my work up eventually.

Second Leeds tutorial

This tutorial was to be based around the EMA and have a discussion about sculpture (in all its forms).

The EMA is broken down into several section:

  • Title/Question – think of this based around the work that you’ve seen
  • Essay – write to the question you’ve designed
  • Pro-forma – this is essential, fail without it
  • Presentation:
    • illustrations
    • referencing
    • primary sources
    • secondary sources
    • bibliography
    • appendix – what is an appendix for – not for shoving in loads of work not able to fit into the word count

We were then given two examples of past EMAs and given time to look through them. They were both written in a completely different style from each other, one was academic and third person whilst the other was written in the first person, I always feel more comfortable writing in the first person and it was good to hear that this was OK as long as caution was used.

We then had an opportunity to discuss possible ideas we had for our own EMAs even though it was early. I asked about my ideas on The Passion Altarpiece at the Bowes Museum and looking at its place in the making of altarpieces during that period in Brussels and whether the guild and workshop system would have influenced this. J. thought that there should be more than enough material here for an EMA.

So some task to take into mind when starting the EMA:

  • look to access the reading room at Bowes museum
  • visible description is extremely important – make sure that the fact you have visited the piece is very obvious
  • ensure that the essay is about Making and/or Locating and/or Viewing
  • find information on the Brussels sculpture guild and Netherlandish altarpieces
  • look for collection of EMA titles to give me an idea of how to phrase question
  • Rogier van der Weyden? his influence on The Master of the View of Ste-Gudule
  • remember to mention scale when discussing art works – especially sculpture
  • ensure pro-forma is on Dropbox so I can work on it wherever
  • book – Spufford – Merchant in Medieval Europe
  • book – Charles Avery – Florentine Renaissance Sculpture

Slides on sculpture

  • Modelling – plastic; includes clay, terracotta, wax, plaster
  • Carving – glyptic; includes wood, stone, marble, alabaster, gemstones
  • Metalworking – toreutic; includes gold, silver, bronze, iron
  • in the 20th century there is also assembly

Important considerations for sculpture:

  • location
  • audience
  • scale
  • function
  • patronage – relative costs
  • sculpture in the round – rediscovered skill, not done since classical Roman era

Allied trades: weapon making, bell casting, ceramics, enamelling, printmaking, painting/polychromy, public celebratory making, woodcarving and furniture making

First tutorial in Leeds

Attended the first tutorial in Leeds, was a small group. Will just get down some of the notes I took and probably leave them in note form.

  • write the TMA out as a bookmark on a 6×4 card to keep it handy in all the material I’m reading
  • look at Cranach in Edinburgh (Melancholy)
  • look at altarpieces in Bowes museum, with possible links to works in Brussels
  • Boccaccio exhibition in Manchester?

This course has several attributes that distinguishes it from a purely art historical course

  • getting away from ideas of connoisseurship, looking at material culture, socio-anthopological
  • broad range of materials considered through the course
  • reconsidered interactions between Northern Europe and the Italian peninsula during the Renaissance period
  • looking at workshop practices rather than just at individuals, anon. school of, master of, circle of, etc
  • looking further afield than the Italian Renaissance, from Northern Europe to Crete and looking at the developments there

All books build on each other for the TMAs. So Book 1 only for TMA01, Books 1 and 2 for TMA02 and Books 1, 2 and 3 for TMA04.

The Art of Melancholy, 1528, oil on wood, Cranach the Elder
The Art of Melancholy, 1528, oil on wood, Cranach the Elder
We then chose a postcard from an upside down pile that the tutor had, I luckily chose one I could recognise – The Art of Melancholy 1528, oil (and tempera) on wood, Cranach the Elder.

Some points

  • using oil and tempera on the same panel was mixing the older (Italian) technique with the newer (Northern) technique of oil painting.
  • wood rather than panel, canvas, paper, etc
  • Melancholy, one of the four temperaments – also famously explored by Dürer and Melancholia I
  • good size, large, 133cm x 74cm
  • no direct information on who it was produced for, but it is a secular subject, so would not necessarily have been for a religious building, the subject of Melancholy was part of the classic revival of the time with humanists referring back to the classical period of the Romans and Greeks
  • using an idealised landscape to frame the symbolic treatment of a Temperament, esp. it’s link to dreams and thoughts
  • the symbolism is similar to Dürer’s Melancholia I in that there are a lot of mathematical and architectural tools, hounds, sleeping dog, heady fruits
  • the face of the woman is similar to that used by Cranach the Elder in a lot of his paintings, this had helped me recognise the artist when I initially received the card – this could point to the use of templates and assistants

Sort out SCONUL access to Durham University library.

Started Week 1

I thought that since I had received all my materials and had organised my study space that I would start reading and taking notes…

Probably a good idea as I really seem to be out of practice and find it difficult to concentrate for any length of time and my note taking skills are non-existant at the moment, so I think I will use these two weeks before the start to brush up on these skills again.

At least my typing skills haven’t disappeared!

All the materials seem very interesting and I am starting to see how they fit together.

Bowes Museum

I’ve visited the Bowes Museum to get my six month pass and have an initial sortie through the artifacts – making a shortlist of works (small list of artifacts from 1400 to 1530) for the Independent Essay and to place them physically within a map of the museum.

Will be keeping the Bowes visitor information leaflet in the back of the Moleskine as a reference to where the art is located, notations of location on the map.

Gallery J

main painting galleries on the top floor – turn left

  1. Master of the Virgo inter Virgines,
    Crucifixion Altarpiece 1490
    Oil on panel
    Dutch school
    – triptych showing the stations of the cross, the crucifixion and taking Christ off the cross
    – only one black person, very stereotyped
  2. Jan van Scorel,
    Adoration of the Shepherds 1521/22
    Oil on panel
    Dutch school
  3. After Albrecht Dürer (1471 – 1528),
    Adam and Eve
    Oil on panel
    German school
  4. Master of St. Severin (active c.1485 – 1515),
    The Raising of Lazarus (verso. Adoration of the Magi
    Oil and tempera on panel
    German school
  5. Juan de Borgoña (active 1494 – 1536)
    St. Gregory and St. Augustine c.1510
    St. Jerome and St. Ambrose c.1510
    Tempera and gold on panel
    Spanish school
  6. Master of Palanquinos (active 1490 – 1500)
    St. Paul
    Oil on panel
    Spanish school
  7. The Man of Sorrows
    c.15th century
    Oil on panel
    Flemish school
  8. Stafano di Giovanni Sassetta (1392 – 1450)
    A Miracle of the Eucharist c.1425
    Tempera and gold on panel
    Italian school
  9. After Raphael (1483 – 1520)
    The Holy Family with St. Elizabeth and St. John the Baptist 1520
    Oil on panel
    Spanish school
  10. After Andrea Solario (c.1465 – 1524)
    The Head of the Baptist on a Tazza
    Oil on panel
    Italian school
  11. Follower of Domenico Ghirlandaio (1449 – 1494)
    Madonna and Child
    Tempera on panel
    Italian school
  12. Andrea Solario (c.1465 – 1524)
    St. Jerome in the Wilderness c.1510-15
    Oil on panel
    Italian school
  13. Attributed to Jan Provost (c.1465 – 1529)
    Adoration of the Magi with St. John the Baptist, St. Anne and Donors 1515-20
    Oil on panel
    Flemish school
  14. After Dirk Bouts (c.1400 – 1475)
    The Head of St. John the Baptist
    Tempera on panel
    Dutch School
  15. Master of the View of St. Gudule (active c.1465 – 1500)
    The Passion Altarpiece c.1480 – 1485
    Oil on panel
    Flemish school
    – Belgian hammer mark on back of altarpiece – Brussels sculptors guild mark
    – possibly a good piece to work with, need to look into what information there is for the piece

Gallery I

Opposite silver swan

  1. St. Sebastian
    Silver and silver-gilt
    Spanish 1523